Over centuries historical monuments, buildings, castles and towns have displayed a diversity of influences. They have depicted the artistic trends of different empires who ruled the world centuries ago. Some of the fortified structures were constructed using components like stone, mortar and wood. The “Romanesque” and “Gothic” were the two popular styles of building during the middle ages. Majority of these well known structures built centuries ago have become popular tourist destinations and are thronged with thousands of visitors every year.
Here are three countries you can visit if you are looking for a historical holiday.
The history of Australia dates back 60000 years where the country was inhabited by indigenous Australians also known as aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. At the time of European settlement, there were around 250 languages spoken in Australia. It is currently estimated that only 145 languages are still being used and 13 indigenous languages are considered to be endangered.
There are many stunning sites in Australia and one of the most significant heritage areas is the Port Arthur located in Tasmania. This is a former convict settlement site which was maintained by the British Empire from 1833 to 1853. It is one of the top tourist attractions in Tasmania.
Kakadu is one of the richest National Parks in Australia that contains rivers, woodlands and also houses several species of mammals and reptiles. It also contains more than 5000 rock sites and is known to have been continuously occupied by the Aboriginal people for over 40000 years.
Darwin Military Museum is a historic museum that exhibits Darwin’s history and its role in World War II. It houses artilleries, vehicles, firearms, uniforms and several other items from the war used by the armed forces. The museum is set in the 1940s gun emplacements that were built to defend the city against any attack.
Jordan officially called the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was a home to several ancient kingdoms namely Edom, Moab, Ammon, Israel and the Amalekites centuries ago. Jordan was under the control of powerful empires like Akkadian Empire, Ancient Egypt, Hittite Empire , etc. It became an independent sovereign state in 1946.
Jordon has many historical sites, monuments and towns. Petra is one of the most popular historical and archaeological cities in Jordan. It is also called the Rose City due to the colouring of the carved stones. The city also contains over 800 monuments, temples, tombs and arched gateways.
Jerash was ruled by the Romans and is known to be one of the best Roman provincial towns in the world. A major earth quake destroyed Jerash in AD 749, however tourists flock at this place to see some of the impressive remains of Jerash like the Corinthium column/hippodrome, cardo, theatres and temples.
Qasr Amra is one of the best known desert castles in Jordan built in the 8th century. It is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Qasr Amra is popular for the frescoes on the inside walls and also for its early Islamic art and architecture.
3. United Kingdom
The history of the United Kingdom dates back to 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland. The Kingdom of Ireland was added in 1800 to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The British Empire is known to be the largest empire in history, and can be budget friendly too if you know the right tricks.
There are plenty of historic sites in the UK that date back centuries. The Windsor Castle in England is known to be the oldest and largest castle in the world. It has a history spanning almost 1000 years. Queen Elizabeth II came to the throne in 1952 and uses the castle as a private home and as a royal residence for formal duties.
Crathes Castle is one of the famous castles in Scotland built in the 16th century. The castle was built by the Burnetts of Leys who lived there for centuries. It is currently owned and managed by the National Trust for Scotland.
The Caernarfon Castle is one of the most impressive castles in Wales. It was built by King Edward I. The castle was of great significance to the King. It was used for the investiture of the Prince of Wales in 1911 and then again in 1969. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.